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Sporle Primary Academy

Geography

At the Nar Valley Federation in Reception and Year 1, Geography (Knowledge and Understanding of the World) is taught as part of half-termly integrated topics which may also include lessons covering science, history and RE.

In Years 2/3 the children begin to transition from integrated topics to units of learning which develop geographical knowledge, concepts and skills over a half-term.

In Years 4/5/6, the children study three units of geography per year: one focusing upon place knowledge, another on physical geography and the third on human geography. 

In all classes, we use an over-arching enquiry question to focus our learning in Geography.

The aims of teaching Geography are as follows:

  • To develop knowledge of the location of globally significant places.
  • Understand the processes that cause physical and human geographical features.
  • Learn how to collect, analyse and present a range of geographical data.
  • Understand a range of sources of geographical information (such as map reading).
  • Communicate geographical knowledge in a range of ways.

Below is what children are expected to know by the end of the academic year. Challenges for the year are in italics:

Year 1:

  • Can they identify the four countries that make up the UK?
  • Can they name some of the main towns and cities in the UK?
  • Can they point out the equator, the North Pole and the South Pole?
  • Can they name some towns in the north and south of the UK?

Year 2: 

  • Can they name the continents of the world and find them on an atlas?
  • Can they name the world's oceans and find them on an atlas?
  • Can they name the major cities of the UK?
  • Can they find where they live on a map?
  • Can they locate some of the world's major rivers and mountain ranges?
  • Can they use the north, south, east and west of a compass?

Year 3: 

  • Can they name a number of countries in the Northern Hemisphere?
  • Can they name and locate some of the world's famous volcanoes?
  • Can they name and locate well known European countries?
  • Can they name and locate capital cities of neighbouring European countries?
  • Are they aware of the different weather around the world?
  • Can they name the two largest seas around Europe?

Year 4:

  • Can they locate the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn?
  • Do they know the difference between the British Isles, Great Britain and the UK?
  • Do they know the countries that make up Europe?
  • Can they name up to six cities in the UK and locate them?
  • Can they locate and name some of the islands surrounding the UK?
  • Can they name the counties that make up their local area?
  • Can they name some of the main towns and cities in their local area? 

Year 5:

  • Can they name and locate many of the world's major rivers?
  • Can they name and locate many of the world's mountain ranges?
  • Can they locate the USA and Canada on an atlas?
  • Can they name and locate the main countries in South America?
  • Can they recognise the climate of a given country?

Year 6:

  • Can they recognise key symbols using an ordnance survey map?
  • Can they name the largest desert in the world?
  • Can they name and locate the Tropics of Cancer, Tropics of Capricorn and the Arctic and Antarctic circles?
  • Can they explain how the time zones work?
  • Can they name and locate the main canals in the UK?
  • Can they name the main lines of latitude and longitude?